What Can You Do With A Biology Degree?


Biology covers life’s complexity, from microbes to ecosystems. Genetics, ecology, molecular biology, and physiology are among the subfields that help us understand nature. Besides explaining how living things work, biology helps us solve global problems like disease, environmental conservation, and food security. Or else, What can you do with a biology degree? There are several healthcare, research, environmental conservation, and biotechnology vocations.

This blog post highlights biology majors’ employment options. Biology degrees can lead to fulfilling careers in healthcare, research, environmental conservation, and biotechnology. This post will help you comprehend traditional, developing, and non-traditional employment opportunities and make informed future selections.

How can a biology degree alter your career and help you change the world? There are numerous career paths, including healthcare, research, and environmental advocacy. How will you use your biology degree to advance science and society?

Biology has a wide range of applications in our daily lives. To explore the applications of biology, visit here.

Healthcare Professions

Clinical Roles

Physician: Use your background in biology to become a doctor and work to improve patient care while identifying and treating illnesses.

Dentist: Become an expert in mouth health by focusing on how to find, stop, and treat dental and oral diseases.

Veterinarian: Take care of animals, find and fix health problems in animals, and promote public health by using what you know about biology.

Pharmacist: Use what you know about biology and chemistry to give out medications, teach people about their prescriptions, and ensure that drugs are used safely and effectively.

Education Requirements


  • Medical School (MD or DO degree)
  • Residency Program in a chosen specialty
  • State licensure and board certification


  • Dental School (DDS or DMD degree)
  • Optional specialization through residency programs
  • State licensure


  • Veterinary School (DVM or VMD degree)
  • Optional internships or residencies for specialization
  • State licensure


  • Pharmacy School (PharmD degree)
  • State licensure
  • Optional residency or fellowship for specialized areas

Expected Outcomes

These jobs offer job security and the chance to improve public and individual health. Physicians and dentists promote patient health, veterinarians protect animals, and pharmacists manage medication and educate patients.

Allied Health Careers

Roles: Physical Therapist, Genetic Counselor, Public Health Worker

Physical Therapist:

  • Customize workout and treatment schedules to help individuals recover from injuries or limitations.
  • Collaboration with different healthcare experts improves patient care and rehabilitation.
  • Teach patients how to stay healthy and mobile.

Genetic Counselor:

  • Help families understand genetic illnesses and testing choices.
  • Work with doctors to evaluate genetic test results and provide individualized care.
  • Help patients understand genetic information’s ethical, legal, and social consequences.

Public Health Worker:

  • Education, policy, and health activities promote and protect community health.
  • Research health trends and risk factors to prevent and treat health disorders.
  • Work with public health, non-profits, and community organizations to reduce health inequities and enhance outcomes.

Skills and Qualifications

Physical Therapist:

  • Strong knowledge of the structure and physiology of humans.
  • It would be best to have good communication and people skills to connect with patients and work as a team.
  • Ability to solve problems to make care plans that work.
  • Strength and skill of the body.

Genetic Counselor:

  • A deep understanding of genetics and genetic tests.
  • Excellent speaking skills to make complicated ideas easy to understand.
  • Counseling and empathy skills to help people feel better emotionally.
  • It would be best to use critical thinking to understand genetic data correctly.

Public Health Worker:

  • The ability to analyze data and do study.
  • Knowledge of public health principles and practices.
  • Being able to create and run public health projects.
  • Strong skills in managing projects and keeping things in order.

Career Growth

Medical technologies and an aging population will boost demand for allied health vocations. These professions offer professional growth and the ability to improve public health and individual well-being.

Research and Academia

Academic Research

Roles: University Professor, Academic Researcher

  • University Professor: Teach biology classes, help students study, and publish your findings.
  • Academic Researcher: Do most of your work on running tests, writing the results, and adding to scientific knowledge.

Environment: University Laboratories, Field Research

  • University Laboratories: With the latest technology and materials for different projects.
  • Field Research: It involves studying ecosystems, gathering data from natural settings, and watching biological events in their native habitats.

Significance of Research in Advancing Biological Sciences

  • Academic study is essential to understanding biological processes.
  • It develops innovative technology, medical treatments, and conservation methods.
  • Scientists publish their discoveries in scientific publications to spread knowledge and spur innovation.

Industry Research

Roles: Biotechnologist, Pharmaceutical Researcher

  • Biotechnologist: Creates new technologies and products by using living things and biological processes. Researches genetic engineering, energy, and ways to make farming better.
  • Pharmaceutical Researcher: Its main goal is to find and create new medicines. Tests the safety and effectiveness of new drugs in clinical studies.

Setting: Corporate Labs, Biotech Firms

  • Corporate Labs: Well-funded facilities with the latest technology and resources are used to make and test products.
  • Biotech Firms: Some businesses use biological processes for medical and industrial purposes. These businesses often work together with universities and other companies.

Innovation and Impact: Focus on Product Development and Clinical Trials

  • Product Development: Biotechnology and pharmaceutical researchers work on improving new goods for people’s health, farming, and the environment.
  • Clinical Trials: Pharmaceutical experts put new medicines through many tests to ensure they are safe and effective. This helps make medical treatments and patient care better.
  • Economic Impact: Industry study helps the economy grow by making new products, creating jobs, and getting people to invest in new technologies.

Environmental and Wildlife Conservation

Conservation Biology

Roles: Wildlife Biologist, Conservation Manager

  • Wildlife Biologist: Researches animals and their environments, works outdoors, and monitors wildlife populations.
  • Conservation Manager: Plans for and carries out conservation efforts, oversees protected places, and works with communities to support these efforts.

Work Context: National Parks, Wildlife Reserves

  • National Parks: Conservation managers and wildlife biologists study and care for ecosystems to protect nature areas and the animals in them.
  • Wildlife Reserves: These people care for and protect wildlife-protected areas and often work on projects to restore habitats and bring back extinct species.

Preservation of Species and Natural Habitats

  • Conservation biology aims to safeguard species and habitats to preserve biodiversity.
  • Habitat restoration, endangered species recovery, and conservation techniques to reduce human effects on the environment are efforts.
  • Conservation biologists educate the public and promote environmental policies.

Environmental Science

Roles: Environmental Consultant, Ecologist

  • Environmental Consultant: Gives groups advice on how to be environmentally friendly, does impact assessments, and ensures that environmental rules are followed.
  • Ecologist: Investigates ecosystems, looks at environmental data, and looks into how living things affect their surroundings.

Addressing Environmental Issues like Pollution and Climate Change

  • Pollution: Environmental scientists devise ways to clean up polluted areas, reduce pollution, and monitor the air and water quality.
  • Climate Change: They study how environments are affected by climate change and come up with ways to adapt to lessen its effects on the environment.

Development of Sustainable Practices and Policies

  • Environmental scientists are essential for supporting sustainability because they develop rules and methods that keep the environment from worsening.
  • They work with communities, businesses, and governments to put waste management, conservation, and renewable energy options in place.
  • Their studies and suggestions help create policies that balance environmental protection and economic growth.

Environmental and wildlife conservation occupations allow you to conserve our planet’s natural riches and biodiversity. These positions are crucial to solving our most significant environmental issues.

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering

Roles: Genetic Engineer, Laboratory Technician

  • Genetic Engineer: Utilizes biotechnology to manipulate genes. Creates GMOs, improves agricultural resilience, and advances medicinal treatments.
  • Laboratory Technician: Assist genetic engineers with experiment preparation, maintenance of lab equipment, and data analysis. Essential to genetic research facilities’ daily operations.

Technologies Used: CRISPR, Gene Sequencing

  • CRISPR: A breakthrough DNA editing technology. Used for genetic correction, illness treatment, and crop improvement.
  • Gene Sequencing: Determines DNA nucleotide order. Essential for genetic mutation detection, hereditary illness research, and personalized medication.

Ethical Consideration

  • Ethical Concerns: Off-target and ecological repercussions are possible. Concerns surrounding human genetic engineering include designer babies and genetic injustice.
  • Regulatory Oversight: Keeps an eye on genetic engineering to ensure it is safe and moral. Involves rules and guidelines made by foreign and government groups.

Biotechnology Firms

Roles: Product Development Manager, Quality Assurance Analyst

  • Product Development Manager: Manages biotech product development from concept to launch. Work with research teams, manage project timeframes, and guarantee product viability.
  • Quality Assurance Analyst: Makes sure that biotech goods follow the set rules and standards. Tests, reviews, and ensures that methods align with industry standards.

Product Life Cycle: From Research to Market

  • Research and Development: The first step is to develop ideas for new biotechnological goods and test them in the lab. Requires a lot of study, testing, and data analysis.
  • Clinical Trials and Testing: Products undergo many tests to ensure they are safe and work well. Contains preclinical studies and different stages of clinical testing.
  • Regulatory Approval: Before a product can be sold, it has to be cleared by the government. This process makes sure that the goods are safe for people to use.
  • Market Launch and Distribution: After approval, goods are made, marketed, and sent to customers. Continuous tracking makes sure that rules are followed and products are safe.

Economic Impact: Contribution to the Economy and Public Health

  • Economic Growth: Biotechnology enterprises’ jobs, investment, and innovation boost the economy. They help create new industries and markets.
  • Public Health Benefits: Biotechnology improves medicinal treatments, agricultural output, and environmental solutions. These improvements significantly affect public health and quality of life.

Biotechnology and genetic engineering are exciting careers that could change healthcare and agriculture. These fields boost economic growth and solve public health and environmental challenges.

 Non-Traditional Biology Careers

Science Communication and Journalism

Roles: Science Writer, Public Relations Specialist for Scientific Organizations

  • Science Writer: Explains science to the public in articles, books, and other stuff for publications, newspapers, the internet, and research institutions.
  • Public Relations Specialist for Scientific Organizations: Coordinates scientific organization-public communication. Creates press releases, oversees media relations, and organizes public outreach.

Skills Needed: Strong Writing and Communication Skills

  • Writing Skills: The ability to explain complicated science ideas in a way that a broad audience can understand and enjoy.
  • Communication Skills: Skill in communicating with the media, speaking in public, and writing words that appeal to a wide range of people.
  • Research Skills: The ability to correctly understand and put together scientific studies and data.

Importance: Bridging the Gap Between Scientific Community and the Public

  • Public Understanding: It makes people more aware of scientific findings and what they mean for society.
  • Policy Influence: Policymakers and other interested parties are updated on scientific problems, which affects decisions and policies.
  • Engagement: Involves and teaches the people, creating a well-informed society that knows much about science.

Art and Biology

Roles: Scientific Illustrator, Museum Curator

  • Scientific Illustrator: Makes accurate and detailed drawings of biological topics. It can be used for textbooks, scientific journals, museums, and tools for learning.
  • Museum Curator: In charge of biological collections, exhibit design, and teaching people about biological past and diversity. They work in parks, museums, and schools.

Interdisciplinary Appeal: Combining Artistic Skills with Scientific Knowledge

  • Artistic Skills: Drawing, painting, and computer illustration skills that are up to par.
  • Scientific Knowledge: Knowing about biological ideas, anatomy, and ecosystems is needed to make correct and educational exhibits and drawings.
  • Educational Skills: The ability to use visual arts and interactive exhibits to share scientific knowledge.

Venues: Museums, Educational Books, and Media

  • Museums: Scientific curators and illustrators make displays that teach people about biological studies and are fun to look at.
  • Educational Books: Illustrators help make science information exciting and easy to understand by adding pictures to textbooks and children’s books.
  • Media: Documentaries, websites, and other forms of media that try to teach and tell the public about biology and science use people in both roles.

These non-traditional biology occupations allow you to mix science with writing, communication, and art. These jobs help the public understand and appreciate biological sciences by making science accessible and entertaining.


Biology graduates can work in biotechnology, genetic engineering, healthcare, and research. Non-traditional science communication and art can also be used to disseminate scientific knowledge creatively.

A biology degree allows you to make a difference in healthcare, research, environmental conservation, or science communication. Your choice has a substantial social and environmental impact.

Leave a Reply

Post Attachments

Recent Posts

Share Post


Stay Updated with Our Latest Blogs!

Join our community and be the first to know about our latest updates, Articles, and Research. By subscribing to our newsletter.